Русская бедность: существование на грани жизни и смерти

Русская бедность: существование на грани жизни и смерти


Hello, everyone! This is Mitya Aleshkovskiy, Ilya Varlamov Some time ago we filmed a big interview with Mitya about Сharity. the right charity, how to help people in a proper way to make your help efficient. After we filmed the Edvard Bill’s video parsing, where he handed out money on the street,
and we explained why it isn’t right and in that video we promised to make a film about what is really going on in Russia. About people who are really getting into the trouble and they need help and give some ideas how to help those people. We will go to several provinces. will start from Saratov province, Marks city. Then we’ll go on in Tverskaya province, Torzhok city and a couple of other smaller towns. We will show a couple of social problems at the same time. -If he was kicked out of here, where would he go?
-Nowhere, into the trash. – Lesha, where would you do?
– Where? I would hang myself. -What are you dreaming about?
-What can a blind old person dream about? We will try to show based on a different examples what is going on with these people and how can
we help and what to do with this situation because truly this is a huge problem of our country. We don’t pay attention on them,
but they live in every house. Before the moment when Russia will become
a Wonderful Russia of tomorrow’s day a huge amount of people won’t make it,
and a huge amount of people suffering feeling pain and horror will hardscrabble existence, this is the worst thing. In Russia more than 5 million people need patronage regularly only in Marks, Saratov province there are more than 1 thousand of those people. In fact they are not only bedridden patients, they are lonely forsaken, elderly, young people, who had some accident who for some reason can’t move fully. What is the service doing, tell us. The service is providing care, make the life of the sick and the disabled people better In Marks, Tatyana Zernova is the head of the patronage service “Caritas”. In one year they serve more than 800 people. This is 2.5% of the overall population of the city. Together with Tatyana and Olga we went their everyday route. In one day they visit several people, one of them is Alexey. He end up in a wheelchair in February, 2019 after he was beaten in a drunken fight. After being injured, being beaten he could move somehow, and later one of his legs became paralyzed, he walked with the stick,
he registered the 3rd working group on disability and at the beginning of this year both his legs got paralyzed Alexey lives on the outskirts of the city, on the last floor of the old 5-floors building. Of course he doesn’t have an elevator there. -Say what happened?
-In the December of 2013 I had money at that time so I got drunk, you know what I mean and after that I can’t remember anything. Only later I was told that I was beaten. Alexey is 41 years old, after school he dreamed about becoming a crane operator, just like his father. But that didn’t work out, instead he had a part-time job as a laborer. Right now he has got the 3rd working group on disability and he gets the pension a little more than 7,000 rubles. -How do you spend this money? -How? I spend on cable TV and on food -And what do you eat? -Well… canned meat bread, potatoes He tried not to eat anything and only drink tea not to go to the toilet, because he didn’t have any diapers. Alexey didn’t spend money on food to buy diapers 1 package of diapers costs 1,500 rubles and he needs several packages per month. -Do you buy diapers by yourself right now?
-Right now no, ladies bring me diapers -What if ladies didn’t come? -I would have to buy them by myself. -In this case I wouldn’t have any money at all. “Caritas” workers visit Alexey at least once a week they bring diapers, hygiene items, food and clothing they also wash him and keep the bedsores treated. Everything that he can do by himself we don’t do for example he can shave by himself if we started doing everything for him, he would forget how to do anything by himself. We want to help him somehow to make him move by himself. -I try to do everything I can. The social worker has been assigned to Alexey. She helps him with his housework,
buys food, cooks and cleans his apartment. She sweeps the floor. She cooks if I ask her She goes shopping if I ask her to buy potatoes and some other stuff. The services of the social worker are not for free?/ There is a price-list for them. Food delivery service 12 RUB. Assistance with the registration of documents – 21 RUB. It’s not expensive, altogether one month 291 RUB. It’s not a big amount of money, but the price corresponds to the quality. Don’t they clean his apartment?
I can see a spider web around here. Well, the social worker cleans the apartment this is the way they clean it. What is this? Debts for public utilities. Debts for public utilities? Yeah, 53 thousand RUB. Yeah, here the owner is different mr. Kartuzov A.V. Alexey used to have his own apartment in Marks, but in 2011 he was deceived by a scammer real estate agent. I didn’t want to live in that old apartment because my mother, father and brother, they all died there I said I want to move here and I thought that this apartment is registered to me but it found out that to mr. Kartuzov, -And after you went together with them for signing some documents. -Right? -It was before that. -He sold your apartment and you didn’t get any money?
-Nope. Here you only have a residence registration, but any time
he could kick you out of here, right? -Probably.
-And you’d be a homeless person.
-Yeah. Any moment the owner can push you
out without prior notification. The owner has already tried
to push Alexey out of the apartment. The women came here and said they bought this apartment it’s over, move out of here. -And I said them ‘f**k you’. -If he was kicked out of here, where would he go? Nowhere, into the trash. Lesha, Where would you do? -Where? I would hang myself. I won’t go anywhere until I f**king kill them all. Before leaving I asked Alexey about his dream. -What are you dreaming about? -Well… about walking just like before. Just a little bit, just about I could stand on my legs And now I can’t even stand on my legs not even walk, but stand. -You just want to be able to walk again, huh?
-Yeah. The more he stays in this condition, the less human he becomes the less human he becomes the less chance that somebody wants to help him. When he was able to stay on his legs,
he was able to walk and meet with his friends. When he had some money he had some friends, as it usually happens And now he’s under this circumstance,
I haven’t seen any friends here… So nobody visits him? I opened his fridge. He only has 2 curd snacks,
two loaves of bread and tinned meat. We brought some noodles and rice the day before. So you brought them by yourselves? So if you weren’t there what would he eat? When we first came, he didn’t have any food at all. Only bread and water. Now he gained some weight, his face was so thin. Only bread and water? Yeah, that was all he had in his fridge. To get some more help from the government Alexey needs to get the 2nd non-working disability group. That means he needs to proof that he is disabled but social workers are not in a hurry to help him. Well, you say bread and water. -But who bought that bread? The social worker? -Yes, the social worker.
-That means she knew about him? -Yes. -Does she know about you? In social security management
they know about our organization. We met, talked a lot of times left some information there. They don’t have any opportunity to help but they know that you can help,
why don’t they send people to you? It’s a small town, everyone know each other,
everyone know that there is your organization. When I started to call to the social security service and ask them “let’s help him to get this 2nd disability group”. She said yes, our social worker goes there let’s help him somehow. And then, after this call they started to send people to us. Here in this district there were 3 old ladies we served them but they had cancer and they died. We provided them patronage services the situation with Alexey as it is. In the patronage service of Marks there are 4 caregivers right now. Every day they serve up to 20 people. They have to work from early in the morning till late in night, at the same time their salaries are not more than 20 thousand RUB.
Here it considers to be not that low. But even in countryside it’s difficult to support your family on this money What do you feel because of this lifestyle? You feel happy when you help these people and they are smiling back and say some good kind words to you and you feel happy, right? Sometimes you are exhausted and when you come back home you feel no power, I also feel pain everywhere. But you wake up the next day and you think how are they? They believe that you will come and
they feel relief because of your help. How could you leave them? And this keeps you going, the fact that
you can help and people need you. We are going to mr. Lovstov he is a very sad man he used to like ballet so much. In his apartment he has different pictures books all about ballet and other stuff. He liked to go to Moscow to watch ballet and now he is sitting in a wheelchair at his home alone. -What happened to you?
-Stroke. -Stroke?
-Yeah. I barely crawled to the telephone to call to the hospital the ambulance arrived in 5 minutes.
They arrived fast, right? They put me on the stretcher and we went to the hospital. And what happened next? I spent a whole month in the hospital. They gave me some injections, gave me an enema. And after that they sent you back home, right? -How many years have you spent laying in your bed?
-This is my second year already. At the end of last year he had a surgery because they treat me badly in the hospital. He had a bowel obstruction. They took him to the hospital. He spent a lot of time there.
And now who is taking care of you? -My brother.
-Brother?
-Yeah, the youngest one. The middle brother has already died,
he is already in the cemetery. And how old are you? A lot of, It’s about
the time to be buried in the cemetery. I’m done laying on my bed. Of course you don’t want people to get sick,
to get into such situations it’s sad and scary to look at all these things Very sad. Of course you want… you want people to pay more attention on old disabled. We all become old and we don’t know
what will happen to us and you want to be confident that when the old age comes you have some insurance and even if your kids leave you, you won’t be forsaken even if your relatives and friends leave you,
somebody will take care of you. -Sergey, I remember that you told me you love ballet. -Yes. -And why do you like ballet that much? -I like it because when I was young
I used to go to Saratov very often to visit my aunt. And I started to go to the theater at that time. I went to the New Year’s concerts. When I came on New Year’s holidays to visit my aunt I spent the whole month there.
-In Moscow?
-Yes. and I went to the Bolshoy theatre at that time and then I went to the New Year’s
concerts in the Bolshoi Theatre. I got a ticket on the 8th row and in front of me GDR officers were sitting they spoke Russian so well and I got along with them and then I went to the New Year’s concerts. -And what is your favorite ballet? -Anthony and Cleopatra. -I also like Spartak. I have seen a lot of ballets. -Can you find a ballet recording for me? -Which one? -Anthony and Cleopatra -Anthony and Cleopatra?
-Which year and who are starring? -I like Ukrainian theatre -Which year? -It doesn’t matter. The earlier the better The patronage service mostly help elderly
people after strokes and heart attacks. Only few people can fully recover after such illnesses but sometimes it happens,
especially because of the proper care. So what happened to Sergey? He had a stroke. In January his sister contacted us. We started to take care of him special treatment, bed bath we taught him how to use a walker,
accompanied him to the hospitals. Now Sergey is fully recovered he doesn’t need patronage service anymore. But only half year ago he was in serious condition. He got a stroke when he was driving a car in Moscow. -Do you believe in God? -I do.
-Before or after the accident? -After the stroke I started to believe. -After I came through that.
-When I came back home I was a… vegetable. -Generally speaking… As far as I understand this is the example of successful recovery. Yes, this is the example of successful recovery but unfortunately it happens so rarely. Usually we take care of people
who are literally dying in your eyes either they don’t recover. We provide care or teach relatives so they can take care by themselves and we help relatives to take care if needed,
give some pieces of advice. And here Sergey is fully recovered you can see that he can walk well enough and he talks well and he has a lot of plans to get back behind the wheel again and not only get behind the wheel, I also want to get married. I had been working for 20 years, I thought that had been enough, so I quit, and then divorce just after that she couldn’t cope with that I quit. Divorce and after 2 years… I lost my son in Dagestan. I was laying here here is the sofa and on this sofa my son was growing up. He was just like vegetable in January he couldn’t move his arms or legs, but his head was working. He is lucky that his family took care of him. His sister transported him from Moscow to this place. She said the he was a little bit frostbitten. She immediately contacted her friends,
who faced similar situations they recommended our organization they contacted us and we started to provide caregiver services patronage services, bathing, other hygiene services and bed bath. “Caritas” is an international catholic organization. In Russia it has offices in 10 regions. Here is the showroom and if relatives and specialists are coming our staff can provide some consultations teach them how to provide care. Here in Saratov we also teach social workers our patronage organization cooperates with the Ministry of Social Development, they send us social workers and we provide teaching. Could you please tell us what do you teach people, who had some accidents in their families? We teach them how to provide proper care, how to feed, how to wash,
how to change diapers for a bedridden patient. Yeah, the basic things. For the family it’s usually kind of shock situation and at the beginning they don’t know where to get help,
how to do something in a proper way. Aren’t there any governmental programs for it? There are some If we are talking about caregiving field it’s something between medicine and social work and because of that very often it’s difficult to find out where to get help. We went to the “Caritas” patient – Valentina together with “Caritas” workers. Her husband told Sergey about her situation when he came to the soup kitchen for homeless people. In “Caritas” we know about this women for a long time since her husband was alive. They are victims of the scammers’ real estate agents. Did they get their apartment taken away? They got their apartment taken away.
-Does she live in somebody else’s apartment right now? She lives in somebody else’s apartment. That person haven’t kicked
her out of this apartment yet. Is that the same person who stole her apartment? Yes. The same situation as in Marks. So that guy grew a conscience, and they allow
her to live in this apartment, right? Yes. He still has a conscience,
and he doesn’t kick her out, but… in such circumstances she won’t last long now she’s completely blind She doesn’t have any opportunity to earn money by herself. Valentina lives in the downtown of Saratov on the last floor of the old building. This is around 100 meters from the pedestrian street, not far away from the waterfront of Volga river. Good afternoon. My name is Mitya, this is Ilya it’s better not to put anything here… because… -So you can’t see anything at all, right? -I’m blind. Oh, there’s no lighting here. -Do your neighbors help you somehow?
-Yes they do. There are cockroaches everywhere. -Yeah, cockroaches.
-Are here a lot of them? Yes. You keep poisoning them all the time, and now
neighbors on the second floor are doing the repair again It’s good if they disappear for one week after poisoning
but they come back again. Valentina has been living under in such
a terrible circumstances for 20 years now. We used to live on Kirova avenue. When we received notification of the demolition,
my sight was already bad and when we did the paperwork to register the new apartment they only point with their fingers where I should sign so this is the way I signed. -So they took away your apartment?
-Yes. And then I started to ask him
about the residential registration. He told me I could go and register,
everything would be alright. And when we went to do the registration. They said, it was over, your apartment had been sold. That’s all. And we agreed that I can live here and then my husband died. Just now the neighbor brought some bread. Valya, this is a bread for you. This is from the neighbor downstairs. What do you usually eat? I cook, Sergey often brings me some grocery. Thank him so much. So you eat food which people bring to you? Yes. What did you eat today? Today I ate sausages and noodles. How often do you eat meat? Sometimes I even eat meat. “Caritas” workers offered her to move from this dirty
apartment to a retirement home for many times but she absolutely refuses to move, because she’s afraid of that place even more than of current inhuman conditions’ facilities. I’d rather jump from the window than go there. Please tell us why? Because I know, my mother in law was there.
-Is that a scary place? -It’s said to be a terrible place.
-And what do they tell about it? They said how do they treat people there. For the government Valentina
is not exist for many years already being 69 years old she doesn’t even get a pension. All of her documents were stolen when she and her
husband were trying to fight for their apartment. What money do you live on? Do you have a pension? Right now… My husband died and all of my documents were stolen now I don’t have any documents, I don’t have anything. -Don’t you have a pension?
-I don’t. -Does government support you somehow?
-Not, nothing. Thank to Sergey, he helped me to bury my husband. He did everything, he buried my husband and he helps me a lot. Right now charity workers are trying to help
Valentina to replace lost documentation and to arrange pension.
But her life would never be the same. -Do you still have any hopes? -I don’t have any. -No prospects.
-What do you dream about? -What can blind old person dream about? You see this 69 years old women, who has
been living in this little room for 20 years, she got her apartment stolen, her husband died she used to have future, and now she got nothing and the only thing she wants is to die and I think if I were her the first thing I wanted to do was shouting alarming all the bureaus. And we need to change everything: social security system political system, eсonomical system truly we need to change everything! When you show the real life real people you understand that you can be on their place by yourself it can be any person, anyone and you only need to do one step,
it’s really easy to end up there until we learn to treat people humanly until we start to notice all the people around us,
until we start to do something to help them for example support organizations like “Caritas”. Around 400 thousand of Saratov province
population live below the poverty line. This is more than 16% of the overall population of the region. The situation in Tverskaya province is not much better there are around 12% of the population living
on an income below subsistence level. We came to Tverskaya province, Pechki village, this is 20 kilometers from Torzhok. Here are guys from the foundation “Foodbank Rus”.
-What do you do? Tell us. We help people in need hand out food and hygiene items each month they get a decent food basket of the products they need. So there are people who can’t afford
buying food by themselves? Of course they can. They get pensions but their pensions are so low and they don’t have enough money to buy all the stuff. For example they don’t have
central heating in these houses. They use firewood to heat their houses. In Tverskaya province they don’t have
a lot of houses with a gas line 70% of houses don’t have central heating that’s why people have to buy firewood to survive in winter. Our foundation hand out around 300 tons
of grocery every month it covers around 54 regions each year. What means around half of Russia? Yes. Half of Russia. Now everybody says that good
quality grocery shouldn’t be destroyed. It happens that good quality grocery end up being destroyed. It shouldn’t be like that considering that in the country
there are 22 million people in need and for sure, if there are some good grocery
they should belong to people in need. This old man was robbed a few years ago after that he got a stroke and he has some speaking problems. -Victor Sergeevich! -Victor Sergeevich! Why it’s so abandoned here? What about this firewood?
Is this also sent by someone? -Yes. This firewood is sent by volunteers. By Kolya Romanenko. “Present firewood” foundation. This is super popular foundation
which is called “Present firewood” everybody knows about it. Volunteers collect firewood for people in villages. This guy name is Kolya Romanenko. He lives here, in Torzhok, today he should
came here together with us but today he is not here,
he has some business in Moscow. -Come out for one minute, this is
your neighbor – Zhenya, open the door. -People want to talk to you, they came from Moscow. -They bring you some grocery, just take the grocery and that’s all. We met him by accident we went to another place in this village we saw a lonely house, this was in winter,
and there were no footpaths around the house that means that nobody walks in or out of there so we came to check what was going on and we met an old man who was robbed and had a stroke and his pension is low, he speaks badly he is sick and he spends so much money on medicine and he lives so bad, he is so lonely, he has nobody
to help his, he doesn’t have any relatives. How often does it happen that you should
literally make the person to open the door? That happens rarely, because usually
people are warned in advance. But this is the particular situation,
because he’s that kind of man. You usually come together with person
they know, social worker or volunteer in this case, yeah, they open the door right away when they don’t know you,
of course, they are afraid of you. Different situations happen. They may not let you in,
just talk to you in front of the door I just think that this is the important continuation
of the story of lonely women Valentina from Saratov. Because people truly don’t believe
that something good can happen. So he thinks that we came to rob him. Indeed. He doesn’t believe that
something good like this can happen. He has already been robbed before. Yes, and this is the problem, he doesn’t trust people and doesn’t believe that something good can happen. So that means people lost their trust to other people. I think this is a very scary and common situation,
which we, unfortunately, faced. I would never thought that somebody
could live in this house. Oh, look! The dead mouse! This is a mole. Maybe mole. Is something burnt? Right? What burnt? The ceiling. Oh, that was long time ago. How are you doing? How is your health? I don’t know how to say… My sight was not good recently,
I went to Torzhok to see a doctor They told me that I need a surgery. It costs around 25 thousand RUB. I said wow, that is too expensive for me. What is your pension? 8, almost 9 thousand RUB. I see.. you can’t afford it. -Do you live alone here?
-Alone. -How old are you?
-74. What did you do before?
Where did you work and study? Last years I worked as a shepherd in the collective farm. Does this collective farm still exist? No, it doesn’t. Did you live in some other place, right? Did you come here from Moscow, Khimki, right? Yes, I was born in Khimki, I also studied there. In 60s I worked as a milling machine operator on the factory. Which factory? -“Energomash”.
-What did it produce? It produced engines for rockets to launch satellites “Energomash” engines launched the first artificial
satellite and “Vostok-1” spaceship with Gagarin on board. Later Yuri took part in producing engines for helicopters
on the aircraft factory in Ulan-Ude. From Ulan-Ude he came to Tverskaya province. What do you smoke? What is this? Home-grown tobacco. He grew this tobacco by himself. -I grew it by myself.
-And you just wrap it with paper and smoke, right? Just like cigarettes used to be made before. When you moved here? In 1981. -Was your wife still alive at that time?
-Yes, she passed away in 2011. 2011. Do you have any relatives? Friends or relatives. My neighbor is my friend. He helps me a lot. He helps me with firewood from time to time. This winter he helped me with water a lot. My leg was broken, it’s not so well even now. He brings me some water. Yuri leaves his home very rarely. The postman brings him his pension. Products are delivered by mobile shop
twice a week in this half-empty village. -Shopping van comes to our place.
-Mobile shop? Mobile shop. They already know me, I don’t even need to go outside, they stop just nearby. So they just come right here. They ask me why don’t you come out? Do you feel bad? I say yes, I don’t feel really well. They bring me groceries If I’m out of money before my pension or if I have already spent all of my money. They give me groceries…
-You mean they lend?
-Yes, they lend. So I can give her money back
after getting the next pension They take notes, they put some notes for me as well. I don’t remember when I eat
the real meat: beef or pork, last time. Can you show your home? How do you live here? Here is the house, the kitchen is over there. Do you sleep here? Sleep? This is my bed. Does your wood burning stove work? Of course. I heat it day after a day. Now it’s already cold. I heated it two days ago. Yesterday I didn’t. Here is my kitchen, this is
a big wood burning stove over here. I heat it once a week and in winter. Do you have two wood burning stoves? This is my fridge. What do you have there? Here I have something I just bought today chicken legs. This is till next Saturday. This is for one week, right? Till Saturday, I boil them to make a soup I like this thing from mobile shop,
I’ve bought it two or three times already. Is this kind of sausage? This is not sausage, it’s called “Grouse” So you don’t complain. Why should I complain? What do you think about your conditions? You mean my existence? So.. even this… Even this mobile shop driver, Oksana She always says: “Come on, Yura, let’s find
a place in a retirement home for you” You are already old It’s difficult for you to cope with firewood by yourself I say everything is ok, Nikolay Romanenko brings me firewood. She knows something about him. But what about you? Are you satisfied with your conditions? I still have some strength.
I go to the spring to get some water I use cart to carry it Don’t you want to the retirement house? No. Why? No. This is the last step for me. -So you’d prefer stay here?
-I’d better die here. I have 3 cats, where I should put them? I tell them all where I should put my animals? 3 cats and 2 dogs I won’t leave them. There are unbelievable number of cases like this around here. Nobody even lives here. And this man thinks that everything is fine.
He is satisfied. But he just got used to it. And he doesn’t want to leave this place I just think that if you live in such conditions you either get used to it and say
to yourself that everything is fine either you go crazy and hang yourself. What else are you going to do? If you wake up every morning and realize what
the f**k is going on, you will just hang yourself. So he overcame that psychologically,
he explained himself this is normal. He watches RenTV, votes for “United Russia” He is satisfied He is very happy… not very… but… I think he doesn’t think about these things. Ok. Some strange pink thing which is called “Grouse”
appears in the mobile shop and he is satisfied. This is the level of the poorest African slums. Absolutely. But the problem is when you come to Somalia or Haiti or to the slums of poorest countries уou don’t see it that way, they are different
people, they are not your nation. They speak other language, they have other culture and you don’t associate yourself with them you come there and get shocked and then you come back to your hotel and it seems that everything is fine. Do you see this kind of person in Russia for the first time? No. No, it was not my first time. I mean in person. Than yes. At the same time, because our
organization is helping people with food in Russia, surprisingly, food charity is not beneficial
to companies which have some extra products… Why? Because of the taxes, they have to pay VAT, profit tax. So that means it’s much easier
for them just to throw them away? Yes, yes! it’s easier for them just to throw them away,
so people have to take them out of the trash. Moreover, very often people say that companies do charity work because it can bring them some tax benefits. And this is not true. This is not true, because there are no tax benefits for companies
for doing charity work. So what should we do? What can an ordinary person do about that? Firstly I think that we should support organizations
which regularly go to all of these places. Because I see that every other old man knows about the fund “Foodbank Rus” and Kolya from “Present firewood” fund. So he brings firewood to everyone around here? Not to everyone, but to many people Yes, so.. We should develop the institute of charity. Nothing else can save us. The name of this old lady is Rosa How old is she? I think she’s around 80, around 80, yeah. But her soul is so young. You’ll see it. Ok. -We came with grocery as usual.
-Oh, thank you! We bring some sweets. Only one family lives in this building except Rosa this place used to be full of life,
but people leaved this place escaping from poverty and inhuman conditions. The gas line was cut in this building, so it has necessary
to put wood burning stove just inside the apartment. There is no water either, so woman has
to bring water from the water stand. And the only way she can take
a bath is to heat bathhouse. What do you spend your pension for? Now you get 9 thousand, what do you spend this money for? Oh, on everything… I don’t buy any sausages meat neither. So mostly on food and utility payment, right? I don’t buy any meat, I only buy chicken legs and wings. How much do you pay for utilities? Which utilities? What is your utility payment for your apartment? No, only major repairs fee for major repairs I see. Will they repair something? Of course not, to do some reparations
the building has to be fully populated. Oh, I see. So only two families live in this building
and you still have to pay major repairs fee? I don’t pay, debt continues to accumulate.
Accumulates? Yes. How much money do you spend on firewood? On firewood? One cart of firewood… 6 or 7 thousand? Yes, 6, probably 7. Yes, yes, yes! She spends around 2 thousand RUB per month on medicine 500 RUB on electricity She almost doesn’t have any money on food. She has to save money. What do you save on if you even don’t buy any meat? Well… I have to save money. So you have some herbs, cucumbers here and that’s all, the herbs are over there, milk, cucumbers and 3 cans of something canned. How long time can you eat this? It depends. Sometimes I don’t eat at all. Can you show what do you bring? Of course. I have already started to show apart from our main activity when we save groceries from being destroyed and hand out them to people in need among these groceries there are
milk products, sweets, fruits vegetables we pack food baskets like this oil rice, cereals buckwheat, this is sugar, this is noodles, everything depends on how much groceries we can get the more people who care participating the more groceries we can get, the more we can help the more old ladies and old man we can visit. How often do you visit them? Food baskets like this we hand out once in 2-3 months. Other groceries which companies give us
we hand out every month. I think this is a good example because she is not down-and-outer at all she is so cheerful her apartment is very clean I wish every elderly person has so much energy. But her life situation is like…. You know, you open
her fridge and you realize that it’s empty and she gets a tiny pension and she says… It used to be even less. Yes. She says: “Meat? I can only afford buying chicken wings” I think this corresponds with the question
“What is like to be in need?” but to my mind this is a disaster because they live under inhuman conditions this is no normal for human being to live like that counting every single penny saving money to buy some firewood to heat your home, bathhouse. She doesn’t have any facilities at all. She brings water by herself, she has a gravity-flush toilet So it’s just a concrete box without heating yeah, and it also has a leak, the windows are boarded up,
there are leaks and mold everywhere around. Hello! Hello! Hello, we come to visit you with some presents come to visit you. I have been waiting for the whole month. Really? Can we come inside? What? Can we come inside? Nobody comes to visit me,
they could at least give me a phone call I couldn’t be happier. You can come more often. We are trying to. But, to be honest, I have nothing to treat you, but we bring something to treat you. Here, look! So many things. Klavdia is 93 years old, being a veteran of the Great Patriotic war she gets a pension around 20 thousand RUB. She spends few money on herself,
she mostly spends money on food for per pets. 2 dogs, 3 cats, 4 hens and a rooster. Do you have any relatives? Do you have relatives, Klavdia? They all died. You don’t remember? They died. Oh, died Exactly if only someone come my heart would be happy I lend money for everybody. They come and say “Give! give!” I lend up to 5 thousand and they don’t give me money back. -And my stupid head is broken, it keeps thinking.
-So you don’t remember, right? Because I broke my arms and my legs during the war. Please tell us what did you do during the war? During the war I dug trenches I dug trenches Near Rzhev I have 8 medals -Enough. Stop it! Guys, this is for you Are these real eggs? Real. Take it! Wow. Thank you! Thank you, Klavdia! I will collect more, come again! Thank you very much! We’ll definitely come again. Wish you a good health! Her situation is not about money. Being a veteran of the Great Patriotic war
she is the richest retired person probably the richest resident of this poor village and people come to borrow some money when she gets her pension. I think her situation proofs
that money can’t solve the problem. Attention can solve the problem systemic care can solve the problem patronage can solve the problem so that somebody should visit this particular person every day to cook, to clean. Yeah, she keeps asking why nobody comes to visit me? Who is on the first place? Is the state exist
for person or person exist for the state? Why she has to ask government to ask some institutions like social security like… I don’t know… Why she has to ask them for something? I think this is humiliating for her to ask
for something being 93 years old. This is humiliating for us that in our country
our elderly people live under such circumstances. And they have to live in poverty terrible life like in poorest regions of Africa. We are 150 km away from Moscow now. Why in XXI century between Moscow
and St. Petersburg we have Africa? According to the official statistics around 20 million
people in Russia live below the poverty line this is almost 13% of overall population. Among them only 4 million people receive state support. All the rest survive on their own. While we were travelling I posted something and read comments I described these stories and people… people in comments, a lot of them they said couple of things I don’t agree with but on the other hand I do understand them even my friend told me,
he is really clever and intelligent person he said you showed Alexey to us and you did a right thing that you brought that up charity and all that kind of stuff, everything is great but Alexey got drunk and messed up with that drunk fight. Probably you should have found another person with another life-story, so people could compassion them It’s easy to help people who you feel compassion to children, of unfairly treated people. But the majority of people they are just ordinary they have ordinary life-stories and this is scary that nobody needs them. This is one of main problem of our society because, generally, we are trying to find a hero or we are trying to find somebody we feel
compassion to or somebody who is close to us. But we are not trying to find a close person in somebody who is not like us who looks at this life not like we do and that’s why we think that we don’t need to help them for example Alexey, he became disabled after drunk fight. Does that mean that he lost human dignity? No. Should we treat him worse? No. He is still a human. And as soon
as you treat him like a human you become more human yourself. So we don’t know who benefits more: society or Alexey because we can’t envy his ill-fortune but if we think that there are
first, second, third class citizens our fortune is even more ill but if we learn to see a human-being
in such people like Alexey we will definitely support others as well. We just wanted to show you that money, just money they can’t always help if you just give them directly do you think that if you give money
directly to people who we visited today that will help them? For example this 93 years old lady
who lives under terrible circumstances and the thing she needs is human love and attention I think the best thing you can do about it is to tell your friends about that to share the link to this video to those people who think that giving money directly is much better than support fond or charity organization everyone has such a friend, you can share this link to them to show them how do professionals help people how less efficient is just handed out money on the street to people who are begging. Because help should be professional it’s not just about money. You can find links to the funds and organizations
we talked about in the description and other information. Don’t be lazy and take a look
at the charity organizations in your region and support them. Thank you for watching this video. Share this video with your friends maybe it”ll be less indifferent people around us which is important.